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  • What are terpenes?

    Terpenes

    What gives lavender its distinctive scent? What about pines and herbs? The answer is terpenes.

    What are terpenes?

    Terpenes are active ingredients that make up the scent of plants and certain insects. Terpenes are also why certain cannabis and hemp strains have such different scents: different strains contain different ones Combinations of terpenes.

    These chemical compounds are found in plants like lavender, lemongrass, rosemary, and basil, but are particularly concentrated in cannabis. In cannabis, they are produced by the same glands that produce cannabinoids. These cannabinoids include the intoxicating tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), which is gaining popularity as an alternative treatment for pain, anxiety, and seizures.

    The exciting thing about terpenes is that, according to studies, conducted on the subject could have a number of medical benefits. Here's what you need to know about terpenes.

    What types of terpenes are there?
    There are over 100 different types of terpenes in cannabis alone. Some of the best-known terpenes include:
    ● Limonene, found in oranges, lemons, and other citrus fruits
    ● Linalool, found in lavender
    ● Caryophyllene, which is both a terpene and a cannabinoid and found in cinnamon and black pepper
    ● pinene found in conifers, basil, parsley and dill
    ● humulene found in cloves, coriander and basil
    ● myrcene found in hops, thyme and Lemongrass

    Each terpene produces its own unique scent. As you can imagine, limonene has a citrus scent and linalool has a lavender scent. Myrcene, on the other hand, is a bit more herbal and earthy.

    Different types of terpenes are extracted and used to make essential oils, cosmetics, and various health products. A combination of terpenes is often used to create a specific scent.

    What are the physiological benefits of terpenes?

    Researchers are currently studying the physiological changes that take place when our bodies ingest terpenes. These scents, particularly those found in cannabis, appear to rejuvenate our bodies and provide therapeutic and medicinal benefits.

    When we inhale terpenes found in cannabis and/or essential oils, our bodies absorb these bioactive compounds that Reactions such as stress relief or calming can trigger. That's the idea behind aromatherapy - it's the idea that the compounds in certain scents can actually heal and benefit the body.

    According to studies, the following terpenes may have physiological benefits:
    ● Limonene may treat anxiety and depression, as well as inflammation and pain
    ● Linalool may help with anxiety, depression, insomnia, pain and inflammation
    ● Caryophyllene may have the ability to treat pain and mood disorders
    ● Pinene may treat asthma, pain, inflammation, ulcers and anxiety
    ● Humulene may have anti-inflammatory properties
    ● Myrcene may treat insomnia, pain and inflammation

    While terpenes need further study , before we fully understand it, the research mentioned above is extremely promising. Hopefully further research will tell us how we can harness the power of terpenes to help more people.

    How do I use terpenes?

    You are already technically using terpenes when you are inhaling essential oils, using spices, or cooking with herbs.

    If you wish to use terpenes for health reasons, you can find small amounts of them in full-spectrum CBD and broad-spectrum -CBD. We have a wide range of high quality CBD products that contain terpenes.
    Terpenes not only give your favorite flowers their incredible smell—they could have incredible health benefits for both the body and mind. Try CBD products for yourself to experience their benefits. Learn more in our post: "Benefits of CBD Oil".

    Sources:

    Booth, J.K., et al. (2017). Terpene synthases from Cannabis sativa. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173911
    Downer, E. (2020). Anti-inflammatory potential of terpenes in Cannabis sativa L. DOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.0c00075
    Lafaye, G. (2017). Cannabis, cannabinoids and health. DOI: 10.31887/DCNS.2017.19.3/glafaye
    Lima, N.G. et al. (2012). Anxiolytic activity and GC-MS analysis of (R)-(+)-limonene odorant, a natural compound found in foods and plants. DOI: 10.1016/j.pbb.2012.09.005
    Joshee, N. et al. (2019). Therapeutic and medicinal uses of terpenes. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-31269-5_15
    Rufino, A.T., et al. (2015). Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory, anti-catabolic and pro-anabolic effects of E-caryophyllene, myrcene and limonene in a cellular model of osteoarthritis. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.01.018
    Vieira, A.J., et al. (2018). Limonene: Aroma of innovation in health and disease.

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