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  • What is CBN (cannabinol) oil?

    CBN Cannabinol
    CBD and CBN are two cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. The names suggest that they have a lot in common, but there are actually big differences. In our article we dive into the fascinating world of cannabinoids and explain what CBN oil is and how CBN and CBD differ.

    What does CBN stand for?

    CBN stands for Cannabinol. Although THC and CBD are more widely known, CBN was the first cannabinoid to be isolated in its pure form in 1896. Originally it was thought that CBN was responsible for the high feeling of the cannabis plant. It was only later that researchers found out that Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the crucial cannabinoid for the intoxicating effects of cannabis.

    What is CBN oil and how does it work?

    CBN is an oxidation product of THC. This means: THC slowly turns into CBN when exposed to heat and light. This is why old and unrefrigerated cannabis extracts or plants usually have particularly high CBN concentrations. The CBN content in cannabis is therefore not controlled by genetic factors in the plant, but by environmental factors. CBN oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of these CBN-rich hemp plants.

    CBD and CBN have no intoxicating effects. Why does THC get you high and CBD or CBN not? Because THC interacts with the receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in different ways. These receptors are located in the central nervous system and throughout the body. The high feeling arises mainly because THC binds to the CB1 receptors and activates them. CBN also binds to CB1 receptors, but only at about a tenth the strength of THC.

    Potential Benefits of CBN Oil

    Research on CBN is still in its infancy. Nevertheless, there are already a few studies and scientific investigations that allow initial conclusions to be drawn about CBN and its effects on the human body. For example, researchers discovered that CBN has anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties. CBN can also act as an appetite stimulator in rats and, in combination with CBD, could act as a pain reliever.

    CBN oil is believed to have potential for treating sleep disorders, physical pain, and inflammation as well. For example, a study by Steep Hill Labs (2017) found that a dose of 2.5 to 5 milligrams of CBN is as effective as a dose of 5 to 10 milligrams of the pharmaceutical sedative diazepam. However, it is possible that this is not due to the CBN, but rather to the sedative properties of the terpenes in cannabis.

    How do CBD and CBN differ?

    Cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN) are two different molecules of different origins. While industrial hemp plants high in CBD can be grown, the CBN content of a cannabis flower depends on how much heat and light it has been exposed to and how old the flower is. That's because CBN is a by-product of the effects of light and heat on THC.

    Despite the fundamental difference, CBD and CBN have something in common: Neither cannabinoid creates a feeling of intoxication, but both can affect the feeling of intoxication of THC. For example, CBD can alleviate the negative effects of THC (such as paranoia or anxiety). CBN in combination with THC, on the other hand, can produce a gently sedating high that can, for example, improve sleep.
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